The Guru's knowledge of the origin of
by Gurugana Dharmakaranama
To those noble persons in
whom the religion is rooted, I pay
On living beings suffering from
the scorching heat of affliction (klesha), the vault of Dharma showers
clouds of loving kindness (maitri) and rains down compassion (karuna) that
refresh those beset by afflictions' scorching heat. To that Dharma King, I
bow my head.
From his ocean-vast and
unsullied story, without additions for changes of any sort, to the best of
my ability, I have gathered some drops. O give
In the eastern part of India, in the
country named Bengal (Sahor), the ruler was a religious king named Kalyana
Shri. King Kalyana Shri brought the prosperity of his kingdom to its
zenith. His palace had a golden victory banner encircled by countless
houses and there were great numbers of bathing-pools encircled by 720
magnificent gardens, forests of Tala trees, seven concentric walls, 363
connecting bridges, innumerable golden victory banners, thirteen roofs to
the central palace and thousands of noblemen in the
All this splendour matched the
King of Tonkun's (one of the Chinese kings); the dignity of the monarch's
royal bearing and his air of great authority were like those of the great
god Indra. His subjects were as numerous as the inhabitants of a city of
Gandharas and their religious attainments could be compared to those of
Aryadharma. Shri Prabhavati, the consort of this devout king, was like a
goddess. She was a beautiful and chaste woman who worshipped the Triple
Gem, and was beloved as a mother by all human beings. This queen had three
sons, namely Shrigarbha, Chandragarbha and Padmagarbha. The story of these
three is seldom to be found in other books. The second son, Chandragarbha,
was my noble guru. At the auspicious moment of his birth, flowers rained
down upon the city, a rainbow canopy appeared, and the gods sang hymns
which brought gladness and joy to all the people. For eighteen months he
resided in the capital and was excellently reared by eight
To the north of the palace there
was a sacred place called Vikramashila Vihara. To make offerings 1
at that place, the King, Queen and their ministers, escorted by 500
chariots full of lovely girls elegantly adorned with ornaments and
surrounded by hundreds upon hundreds of musicians, carried the innumerable
jeweled articles necessary for the votive rite and all went to that place
My infant guru, who already
seemed like a child of three, had so many beauties of person that the eyes
were, dazzled. The boy, having been crowned and adorned with god-like
ornaments, was carried by his father wrapped in fine muslin garments. When
the people saw him they felt so full of happiness that they could not tear
themselves away. Those who stood by exclaimed: "At the time of your birth,
the tent of the sun was set up and melodious songs were heard by the
people. So our most cherished desire was to meet you. And now, having seen
you, we are filled with joyous awe." Then the excellent Prince enquired:
"Who are these people, O parents?"
are your subjects, Prince," answered his
Then the excellent Prince
continued: "May they be possessed of merit like that of my
May they rule kingdoms that
reach the summit of prosperity.
be reborn as sons of kings and may they be sustained by holy and virtuous
deeds." Then, when the royal procession came safely to the Vikramashila
Vihara (the main chapel at that place of pilgrimage) the excellent Prince,
having prostrated himself to the Triple Gem, recited this melodious song
of praise: "Having attained the noble body of a man, and being without
defect in all organs, I shall adhere to the Triple
Always, I shall take the Triple Gem
upon my head with deep
Henceforward, may the Triple
Gem be my refuge!"
When these words were
heard by the King, Queen, ministers and monks, they were filled with
joyful wonder and all declared with one voice that the Prince was destined
for greatness. Then the King, Queen and attendants declared: "May we, by
gathering merits through paying reverence and making offerings, be able to
make offerings to the Triple Gem from life to life. And, by the virtue of
those merits, we pray for the long continuance of our religion, for which
we shall make offerings to the sangha. 0, may we be delivered from the
sufferings caused by defilements."
the Prince heard their words, he looked at his parents and exclaimed: "May
I never be bound by worldly ways. May I be taught the holy way of the
monks and humbly worship the Triple Gem. May I feel pity for all
His parents and the others felt
full of wonder when they heard the sayings of the Prince. This was the
first preaching of my guru. The Prince, by the age of three, had become
well-versed in astrology, writing and Sanskrit. At six years, he was able
to distinguish between the Buddhist and non- Buddhist doctrines. From then
up to the age of ten years, he took the Triple Gem for refuge by observing
the precepts (shilas) of the upasakas, bestowing charity (dana), studying
happily, reciting prayers, seeking out people of noble character, obeying
and serving his parents humbly and with sweet words, enjoying every sort
of religious dance and sacred song, paying respect to holy men even from a
distance, looking at worldlings with heart-felt pity, helping those who
were wretched, and doing many such noble deeds. When the Prince reached
the age of eleven years, the ministers and subjects brought twenty-one
girls of noble parentage to him and the King and Queen presented them with
One day the King summoned
all his ministers and commanded: "Beginning from tomorrow you must
carefully prepare the thirteen royal chariots and adorn them beautifully
with innumerable ornaments such as the people love, especially the most
beautiful and strongest chariot which should be placed in the centre. On
it you must pitch the peacock umbrella surrounded by fans. In the centre
(under the peacock umbrella) place Chandragarbha clad in splendid garments
on a beautifully jeweled throne. In the other twelve adorned chariots, all
the ministers will be seated dressed in magnificent garments and
accompanied by musicians with many kinds of instruments to play joyful
"The procession will be led by
three white chariots; there will be three red chariots to the rear, three
yellow chariots on the right and three green chariots on the left. In each
of the chariots place many youths and maidens with colored banners proper
to the devas of the four directions. The Prince's chariot of five
different colors should be ornamented at the four corners with carvings
shaped like peacocks' necks and surrounded by girls dressed as goddesses
bearing offerings. The other attendants should play melodious tunes upon
such instruments as violins, drums and cymbals to delight the crowds who
will gather on all sides. Beyond the great city in a pleasant garden must
be set all sorts of amusements and games that will draw the people to
assemble there. These amusements must last for a period of half a month so
as to make all the people feel happy and contented. Among the assembly,
there must be girls ready to delight the Prince, and the ministers must
instruct them how to behave when the Prince's gaze lights upon
Thus the great King ordered the
ministers to get ready thirteen adorned chariots within a week, with the
chariot of the Prince in the middle, richly ornamented, and twelve
chariots of musicians with instruments of all
Then beyond the great city at all
the crossroads and in the gardens, the people began enjoying themselves
with fascinating games. During the royal progress through all the quarters
of the city to which Prince Chandragarbha and his 25,000 attendants
proceeded in their chariots, the people in the lotus gardens adjacent to
the capital and at every junction of the roads welcomed him like a
universal king (a chakravartin) and all followed to gaze at the Prince.
Prabhadevi and the other court ladies, the Prince's kinsmen and comrades,
encouraged one another to hasten to see the gathering of people. When the
people came crowding around the procession, the daughters of King
Punnadhara, King Nemandhara, King Jalapati, King Pracandraprabha and other
kings of high descent, noble physique and great possessions came armed,
riding in twenty-two chariots, to join in the celebrations. In each of the
chariots rode seven girls with seven maiden attendants. All these
twenty-two chariots were adorned magnificently with diverse ornaments. The
riders came singing melodious songs and in happy mood. The girls sat like
goddesses, their lovelorn eyes fixed upon the Prince, for, at the sight of
this youth, their passion was so great that the hair on their limbs stood
Suddenly, a goddess appeared, her
complexion pale blue, and uttered the following admonition to the Prince:
"0, care not for power and be free from lust, most fortunate
If, as an elephant sinks deeply
into the swamp, you, a hero, were to sink in the mire of
Would it not stain the shila robes
you have worn
In your past five hundred
and fifty-two lives
When you took the
form of an undefiled pandita, a holy
Therefore, as ducks seek out the
Seek you ordination in this
The charming and lovely girls who
live in this city
Are temptresses sent by
mara (the evil one) to dispel your brilliant
Thus they hope to betray you by
showing you their passion.
Know this, O
Like the moon reflected
in the ocean,
Your purity gives forth
brilliance, O Prince.
Your head adorned
with the five sacred jeweled
Puts a spell of fascination
upon the people.
Since you have attained
a precious human body, so difficult to
You should devote your life to
hearing, pondering and practising (the
And, to set your doubts at
You should seek the guidance of
The Prince smiled and
responded thus to the goddess's admonition
"Oh wonderful! This is good, this is
good, most excellently good!
delight in the (silence of the)
As peacocks thrive on poisonous
Or as ducks rejoice in the water
of the lake.
Just as crows revel in dirty
So do ordinary people flock to
Whereas, like ducks hastening
to the lotus pond.
Do people of wisdom
seek the forest.
How unlike ordinary
So, in the past, was Prince
Repelled by the prosperous
kingdom of Suddhodana as by a filthy
He thereupon sought enlightenment,
renouncing all his royal consorts.
humans and devas praised and worshipped
Possessing the thirty-two glorious
signs and eighty noble marks of a Dharma
He attained buddhahood attended by
the twelve holy states.
Unless I renounce
I shall increase the lust
in the swamp of evil.
increase the lust in the swamp of
All friends are deceivers sent by
All wealth is but a salty
Now by making good use of this
body, I shall attain enlightenment.
enjoyment of pleasures stemming from
Is as empty as reflected
As fleeting as an
As illusory as a
As dependent as a
Into this vast ocean of
The rivers of birth, decay,
sickness and death flow unceasingly.
the past, I was bound by the karmic power of impure
But today I am able to fulfill
this life, so why not seek after
Determined to seek deliverance
from worldly things,
I shall devote
myself to the noble Dharma under the guidance of my
When the people in that city
heard the words of the Prince, they cried: "Such utterances make it seem
that this Prince will not reign over the kingdom; but if he were to reign,
he would doubtless be a Dharma king; whereas, by seeking out many learned
people and gurus, he will emulate the son of Shakya." Thus the people
around him shouted, full of joy and wonder, gazing at the Prince
repeatedly, their eyes full of love. However, those highborn girls who had
felt so happy when they saw the Prince, were shocked when they heard his
words. Hastening to their parents, they spoke thus: "The noble Prince has
declared that he feels repelled by the world and will leave the kingdom to
become a holy bhikshu, just as the Prince Siddhartha renounced his queen,
and that he feels no attachment to his people. Now all of you, our parents
and the rest, must hasten to the palace and do all that can be done by
means of your great wealth so that the mind of the Prince will remain
fixed upon the kingdom. This is what we girls now
The ministers, parents and
subjects did their utmost to please the Prince by bringing girls to dance
and sing for him. Then the Prince gathered from the city and neighborhood
one hundred and thirty armed horsemen clad in warrior's garb and went out
Presently he came upon a brahmin
named Zitari who had the appearance of an arhant. Dwelling in a cave and
dressed neatly and cleanly in a hermit's costume, he was singing a
melodious song. The Prince, while still astride his horse, enquired: "O
hermit, by living in this solitary place, eating pure food and performing
noble deeds, by renouncing goods and pleasures and observing a strict
ascetic rule, what kind of knowledge have you gained?" The hermit, without
raising his eyes, answered the Prince thus: "O Prince, the riches
possessed by brahmins and royal persons are like summer flowers that soon
decay; thus the power of karmic actions leads down to miserable,
Residing here, I have learnt that
riches will be of no profit in the next
Fearing to be born in a filthy
As a result of
bestial behaviour suited to cattle, dogs and
Practising self-mortification, I
dwell in this clean forest.
value in illusory wealth, remembering the next life, I live now as a
On hearing those words the
Prince spoke as follows, seeking to read the hermit's mind from his
expression: "Hermits are more arrogant than others, not bothering to rise
even in the presence of royal persons." The great hermit replied: "What
sort of royal person are you and from where do you come? Since I have no
friends or enemies, I know nothing about you. I am happy without wealth in
these forests. The only enemy in my life is Yama (the god of death) and,
being free from pride, I have left off attending entertainments." The
Prince replied: "I am from the Golden Victory Banner Kingdom and am a son
of King Kalyana Shri. Today I have come to this forest to find out if
there are disaffected people here and you have committed an offence by not
recognizing a member of the royal
The great hermit continued: "Is
my staying apart from the race of humans an offence? I have no master, no
servant, none to guard me.
King, when you
enter upon the next life,
With no horse
and no comrade, you will have to walk
Hungry and naked, you will have to
wander alone between death and
Your wanderings in unknown
places, unknown countries, will go on and
One day you will no longer be the son
of a king.
It is for reasons such as
these that I stay in this solitary
On hearing these words, the
Prince dismounted from his horse and offered him three gifts, namely
servants, horses, and weapons. With hands reverently folded, he uttered
the following stanzas:
"To test the
knowledge of Your Reverence,
words that were: harsh and proud.
and night I long to repent, being disgusted with worldly
I pray you, O hermit, receive me
(as your disciple)."
The great hermit
answered: "Come, may your mind be freed from the wind of pride. May you
become a leader of the shasana."
saying, the hermit conferred upon him bodhicitta and the blessing of the
Triple Gem. Then the Prince arose and offered the hermit chariots and
other gifts in return for the blessing of the Triple Gem and the gift of
The hermit, so as to enable
the Prince to receive the full merit, took the offerings for a while. Then
he uttered this admonition: "O Prince, if without taking careful thought,
you make offerings so as to solve present problems and thus achieve
greatness in this life,
That is a selfish
way of which even foxes and wolves are
Enlightenment cannot be thus
attained even by pratyekabuddhas.
servant can fill his mouth with food, but a king can never find
satisfaction in this life.
Prince, let zeal fill your heart, and seek enlightenment by renouncing the
To this the Prince answered: "I
am chained by my royal consorts like a pampered
Above all, bound by the effects
of my klesha, I am fondly held by
Who all betray me by showing me
That is how I feel in this
mirey world. Now I cannot bear the actions of the
Therefore, O guru, bless
To these words, the great hermit
replied: "One of the world's great chains is high birth. The name most
beloved of mara is 'king', mara's chief messengers are royal ministers.
Certainly, the King's actions will soon cause you harm. So to Nalanda you
must go. There lives one who has been your guru throughout lives since
time immemorial, Bodhibhadra. Receiving from him bodhicitta and listening
to the Dharma, there must you come face to face with truth. This learned
man will be of great benefit to you."
saying, the great hermit, having returned all the offerings continued:
"Come back to me here when you become a monk. I will guide you with much
Then the Prince, having
quickly returned to his capital, took gold, silver and great wealth with
which he proceeded to Nalanda followed by his attendants. The King of
Nalanda tremblingly came to receive the Prince while still at a distance
with his troops and attendants. When they met, he uttered these noble
words: "O Prince, from whence have you
And where did you take birth, you
who are like a chakravartin?
will you go to subdue the enemies of the excellent
I, seeing you from afar, have
come to receive you."
The Prince replied:
"I have come from the land of East Bengal, the Palace of the Golden
Victory Banner. Now I go to subdue the enemy, samsara. To subdue the mara
of death I go!"
"You are a son of the
King of East Bengal, the pious King Kalyana Shri, the king who like a
chakravartin has been victorious over many evils. It is good fortune that
the son of such a king has come to this land of mine. Your Vikramashila
Vihara is like the palace of a divinity in paradise. To renounce so
wonderful a place is beyond imagination; the pandits there are as
brilliant as the sun and moon. Why, then, have you come here to seek some
other teacher, O great Prince?"
excellent Prince responded: "In the great religious institution of
Nalanda—like an ocean whose vast expanse is filled with gems
Among the pandits numerous as the
stars, there lives
The most excellent and
venerable Bodhibhadra, whom the hermit foretold will be my guru. I pray
you, O King, do not reject me!"
King of Nalanda replied: "Great indeed is the excellent
Like snow-clad Mount Tise,
motionless, giving forth radiance!
god of wealth is rich in possessions, so is Bodhibhadra rich in noble
followers. I pray you come now to celebrate these joyful tidings with
uttered the noble Prince.
Then the King
of Nalanda, with a procession of those who had come to welcome the Prince,
proceeded to Nalanda to the accompaniment of music. To the south of
Nalanda, there was a palace called Samantabhadra Prasada in a place known
as Padamadesh, encircled by innumerable houses. In this place the Prince
was invited to seat himself on the beautifully decorated jeweled throne
and the King of Nalanda himself served and praised His
Thereafter they went to guru
Bodhibhadra in Nalanda. Entering the monastery, the Prince felt
exceedingly happy upon meeting his guru. So also did the noble guru
Bodhibhadra, on hearing of the Prince's coming, feel full of joy and,
rising from his mat, he uttered the following sweet Dharma
"So you have come, O son of
Dharmaraj! Does our religion flourish in Bengal? Has not the long journey
made you tired?"
The Excellent Prince
answered: "My father is in good health and I have come here to seek the
Dharma. And after a safe journey, I have met you today, O learned
expounder of the teaching of Buddha. Are you not weary of listening,
thinking and meditating?"
To these words,
the guru replied: "I too am well. Day and night I flourish by the blessing
of the holy Dharma. Be seated, O excellent Prince, and tell me what you
Thereupon the Prince prostrated
himself reverently and, by his offerings of jewels, pleased the guru.
Then, in humble tones, he cried: "Compassionately listen to my words, O
teacher of all beings! I could not bear the swamp of suffering that is
samsara. Fearing to suffer through the snare of a great kingdom, I went
with some armed companions to the forest. There I came upon the guru
Zitari who was dwelling there. Then I prayed to him for the gift of
bodhicitta and, by the graciousness of that high pandit, I was sent to
this great religious institution of Nalanda. There, said the hermit,
blessed by divinity in previous lives, dwells the noble guru Bodhibhadra.
From him seek the blessing of bodhicitta. Immediately I went to my palace
and took gifts for offerings. Today I have arrived. In your compassion be
kind to me and bestow on me bodhicitta and many blessings." Then the
Prince immediately sat down. The guru, entering a state of meditation,
gave the blessing of right action of body, speech and mind together with
bodhicitta and other blessings. Then he delivered the following
"O Prince. Make good use of
this life. Unless you seek deliverance by renouncing the
When your karma leads you to
fall into evil states, it will be too late to
This life is a precious
opportunity to establish the strong foundation of all
If you do not make gigantic
efforts, but waste this valuable opportunity to obtain
O honored Prince, you will
not be able to gain it in the
However well equipped and
courageous you may be, when the messenger of death leads you along the
narrow path to the beyond (the next life), no power, no protector, no
repentance you may have will be of any
O Excellent Prince! This is the
Dharma to be pondered.
To the north of
Nalanda, there lives one who has been your guru in your previous lives
since time immemorial. Known as Prince Bodhikoyal, he has spent all his
life meditating in solitary
Unsullied by the filth of the
eight extremes, he is clad in shila and prophetic power. Approach him and
receive his Dharma teaching."
having heard these admonitions of the guru, sadly left the valuable
Bodhibhadra for the noble Bodhikoyal, to whom he prostrated himself and
made offerings, saying: "I am a son of East Bengal. Setting forth from the
Palace of the Golden Victory Banner, I made my way to the monastery of
Nalanda and there received bodhicitta from the venerable Bodhibhadra. The
Venerable One admonished me: 'Stay not here, but go to the northern side
where dwells one who has been your guru in many lives since, time
immemorial, the venerable Bodhikoyal by name. Approach him and receive the
blessing of bodhicitta. This Venerable One will be of great benefit to
Thereafter, I sadly left my noble
guru and have come joyfully to be near you, O teacher! I cannot bear the
actions of my father. You, noble guru, must bless
Full of joy, the eminent guru
uttered these words: "It is excellent that the Prince has come. Draw near,
you who are to me as my own self, and receive my blessing. Of the Dharma's
true nature I shall preach to you, out of my
Then the Prince, having prostrated
himself and presented many offerings, humbly sat down upon the mat. The
venerable Bodhikoyal administered bodhicitta and uttered the following
stanzas as the gist of his profound
"O Prince! Even though
perfectly endowed with the three possessions (grace, glory and wealth) in
this present life, were you to neglect to make your life meritorious, Your
possessing a noble human body would be of no
And how regrettable it would be if
you forfeited the wealth of lives to
O Prince! As the noble Nagarjuna
once said: 'All things both external and internal, are void, dreamlike,
illusory, Whosoever fails to ponder these two truths will be swallowed up
by samsara's filthy mire!
O Prince! You
must fix your concentration on the void (shunyata), insubstantial as the
But when, after meditation, you feel
that all things resemble a mirage,
ponder karma and its results."
the guru transmit the profound Dharma, whereupon the Prince attained the
prayogamarga (the path of endeavour, which is the second of five stages)
and also surangama samadhi (the contemplation leading to power). Uttering
these words, he described what he had
"O guru! On entering samadhi,
I perceived (a state of voidness) like a cloudless sky, radiant, pure and
clear. Is that the nature of the Dharma, O guru? Then, after coming forth
from meditation, I was troubled by no attachment, but longed to be of
benefit to sentient beings. I recognize the reality of karma, even though
all objects are revealed as illusions. O guru, is my practice without
The guru answered: "Fortunate
man. You are a product of accumulated merit. As a bhikshu I do not
exaggerate or pervert the truth.
at the time of concentration one perceives that all objects share the
voidness of the sky
One must lift up all
beings through compassion after the concentration has been
This is an exposition of two
truths (absolute and relative).
It is my
most precious teaching. Now, if you desire to renounce your kingdom, to
the south of the black mountain's peak dwells my guru Avadhuti. He, was
also your guru in previous lives. Go and obtain the bestowal of bodhicitta
from him and receive the admonition that will lead you to renounce the
On hearing the words of that
guru, the Prince, though reluctant to depart, joined his attendants in
happily paying their last homage. Thereafter, they went on their way as
though escorting a great hero. While they were proceeding, the King of
Nalanda presented innumerable precious objects and, followed by his train,
escorted the Prince for as much as three miles. Before the King departed,
the Prince spoke the following affectionate
"Although you are clad in a noble
body, O King,
Were you not to subdue the
Later, when led in bonds
by the executioners—well! That would be sad indeed! Therefore, cherish
your wealth of Dharma.
good-heartedness made our meeting possible, that is perishable by nature
and vanishes like customers from a
Do not consider my departure a
loss, but remember the love I bear
And try hard to come into accordance
with religion, soon."
The King replied:
"Our meeting today has been the most excellent good
I am deeply moved to have
encountered you, son of a religious
Your setting forth from here
saddens me more than the departure of my own son, but I pray we may soon
Then the Prince went to the
south of the Black Mountain's peak to the venerable Avadhuti. He
discovered the noble guru dwelling beneath the shelter of that dark peak
clad in a black blanket that covered his whole body. He was seated on the
skin of a spotted antelope with a string of meditation beads adorning his
breast. His frame was bulky and his belly corpulent. His eyes were pale
red, his complexion blue, and it was his habit to sit with one leg partly
extended. Though devoid of worldly possessions, he bore a skull in which
sentient beings were collected. Though he was often seen in that place, he
had no definite dwelling.
dismounted while still at a distance and, bowing low, approached the guru,
followed by his attendants. The guru, meeting him with a fixed glare,
spoke as follows:
"Has your inner pride
been entirely broken yet?
Are you not
tortured by maras?
Are you not stuck in
the swamp of your kingdom?
Are you not
cheated by mara's daughters?
noble body not withered yet?
And why do
you come here like the son of a
The Prince prostrated himself and
replied: "From the land of East Bengal have I
Free from longing for my kingdom,
have I come.
To obtain protection from
samsara have I come.
To the great
religious institution of Nalanda I
And received refuge from the
That guru has sent
me to you.
Now may you give me
To these words the venerable
"O man! Since you have
taken birth as one of royal descent,
terrifying heaps of affliction you must have! Could you, throwing off your
kingdom as one spews forth spittle, bear the actions of
The wealth of a kingdom is
nothing but a lake of poison!
one drop and your liberation will be
The wealth of a kingdom is
nothing but a pit of fire!
One touch will
make you suffer cruelly.
Go back now to
And return to me soon after
contemplating its miseries."
on hearing these words of the guru, paid his respects and set forth for
his kingdom. The people, on seeing their Prince, laughed with delight,
danced joyfully and gave themselves to song and music. When the Prince
arrived at the palace, the King and Queen, rejoicing,
"Where have you been O
Are you not
Did you not suffer by seeing so
It is good that you have
The Prince answered his
"I went to engage in
mirthful sports at every place.
I went to
find out the way to subdue the enemies of
I went to seek a guru able to
give me protection.
I went in search of
solitary places amidst mountains and
I saw the defects of samsara in
every place I went.
All with whom I
associated told me of its evils.
I did brought me peace of mind.
will go back to seek after Dharma.
parents, give me this opportunity!"
this, his parents answered: "O son! If you feel distressed by samsara,
make offerings to the Triple Gem by reigning over your kingdom, by
satisfying the needs of those who are wretched with fond commiseration.
Always erecting monasteries.
compassion (karuna) and on loving kindness (maitri) without
All will be made happy by
your behaving in this way."
responded: "Listen, Father, if you love
Here in this palace of golden jewels,
enmeshed by bevies of consorts whose charms are so hard to resist, I shall
suffer support the sangha by and on loving-kindness
Looking upon this
I recollect the sufferings of
As for attachment to this
I shall regret it no more than a
drop of spittle.
Day and night, I have
thought over the defects of this
However lovely those deceiving
girls of mara may be,
I experience not
the least desire.
Looking upon those
I recognize that,
between three pure substances such as curd, milk and
Or three sweet foods such as
sugar, molasses and honey,
And, on the
other hand, such unclean filth as leprous persons, dog-flesh, pus and
There is not a particle of
Between splendid garments,
beautiful turquoises and corals, or the lovely ornaments of devas, And
tattered and unclean rags
There is not a
shred of difference.
In order to
contemplate dhyana, to the forest I shall
In the eight cemeteries shall I
To the place of yogis, I
To seek out solitude where true
happiness can be enjoyed.
Giving up all
attachment and treating everything
I go to be a
To the lofty mountain peaks, I
To the guru Avadhuti, I
To the place of yogis, I
To sip the essence of the
To the country of Udyana, I
To make friends with the dakinis of
wisdom, I go
I go to the heaven of
To bow at the foot of
Vairochana, I go.
I go to the heaven of
To serve the noble guru, I
I go to all the
To perform devotional rites, I
I go to the Arya heaven, to Sukhavati
(the paradise of happiness) to enjoy delight, I
Do not bind me, do not bind me, O
King Kalyana Shri.
Permit me to go to a
place of salvation, O Father, if you love
Do not bind me, do not bind me, O
Queen Shri Prabhavati!
Permit me to
embrace religion, O Mother, if you love
Give me now a little rice and wine,
meat, milk, molasses and honey,
I go to the venerable
Avadhuti and there, propitiating him.
shall be able to subdue my mind."
noble Prince sang these words into the ears of his parents, they seemed to
hear the song of a Ghandarava king which bemuses the minds of all people.
The parents, bemused by the Prince's song, gave him everything he wished,
making no reply. Then taking the rice and wine and other provisions, the
Prince went off to the forest with a train of one thousand horsemen and
pleased the venerable Avadhuti by his offerings. To the guru they
reverently folded their hands and prostrated themselves at his feet. The
guru thereupon administered bodhicitta and blessed them with the
admonitions of the Mahayana. At that time it seemed the Prince was like a
chakravartin ruler, protected from danger by his retinue of guards and
soldiers riding their horses amidst the forest and uttering martial
shouts. Pressing round him and about him, they guarded him and made him
offerings of music and of song.
blessing them, the guru commanded: "Go to the Black
To the noble and blissful
Vajrayogi, he who has propitiated the Lord of Death by serving him as an
attendant spirit. To that noble rahula you must
Obtain bodhicitta and glorious
admonitions from him.
He, too, was your
guru in previous lives.
Stay not here,
but go on your way happily."
the guru's words, the Prince, like a great hero going forth to battle,
rode off with his thousand horsemen who, well accoutred with shields and
helmets, made martial music and flourished axes, hammers and short spears.
As they rode to the monastery, they let fly arrows and their shouts rang
out upon all sides.
In Black Mountain
Monastery, there lived countless yogis and yoginis. While the august
Vajrayogi was expounding the Tantra to his disciples, he saw the young
Prince Chandragarbha coming. Although he knew that the Prince had come to
seek religious teaching, the merciful one, for the purpose of giving him a
warning, cast a thunderbolt in his direction. The missile, instead of
falling to the earth, flew towards a stupa on Black Mountain. In great
amazement, the disciples asked: "Why has the Prince come with an army to
visit the guru?" Whereupon the guru replied
"Having passed through five hundred and
fifty-two lives as a bhikshu undefiled, a great pandita most learned, this
man has taken birth excellently in Bengal as the son of King Kalyana. Even
to such a great kingdom and to such throngs of subjects, he is not
attached, but longs to practise austerities. On the peak of this mountain
dwells Avadhuti and, as prophesied by him, the Prince has arrived here
today. Is this not wonderful, O my
When the guru had spoken
these words, all of them cried out: "Wonderful! Blessed is this day on
which the great hero has come!" Then all rose and welcomed the Prince
while he was still at a distance. When he dismounted, so did his thousand
horsemen. Then, entering the palace of the guru, the Prince reverently
prostrated himself and said:
"I pray you
listen to me, exalted guru. Although I desire to attain liberation by
renouncing my home,
I am burdened by my
so-called royal descent;
I am in danger
of being bound to the kingdom of
Zitari, Bodhibhadra, Bodhikoyal
and Avadhuti, to all these gurus who have attained wisdom, higher
knowledge and spiritual power, I have
Yet still I have not been
liberated from my kingdom.
Now I have
been sent by them to you, O guru.
me with the power of bodhicitta
deliver me from the chains of my
Then the noble guru took the
Prince close to the mandala and, bestowing the power of Shri Hevajra,
secretly named him Janna-guhey-vajra. Day and night, the guru showered
upon him the rain of admonition and followed this by an empowerment
(abhisheka) that lasted a full thirteen days, during which time none of
his attendants slept, but strolled about, playing, singing, dancing and
enjoying many kinds of music. These attendants thought only of when the
Prince would emerge. When the thirteen days had elapsed, the Prince came
forth wearing the dress of Heruka (a fierce divinity or yogic form) and,
on seeing his attendants, sang them hymns of exhortation. Gazing upon his
three possessions (servants, horses and weapons), he perceived them all to
be worthless. Then did he utter the following
"All things are in a state of
absolute stillness like the sky.
things are empty as an echo among hollow
A kingdom is worthless as riches
in a dream.
Attendants are deceivers like
covens of magicians.
If I do not seek
deliverance by renouncing all these, I am not blessed, despite my
accumulated merits. Day and night, in contemplating the nature of all
phenomena and in listening ever (to the Dharma), I shall exert unremitting
Then suddenly there appeared
many (divine) yogis and yogini, such as Hevajra Yogi, Karma Yogini,
representing the nature of impermanence, Vira Yogi, a master of higher
knowledge and spiritual power, and eight fearful male and female naked
ascetics, grasping in one hand flutes fashioned of human thighbones and,
in the other, human limbs at which flesh they gnawed as they shouted:
"HUM!" and "PHAT!" These danced around the Prince, giving him this
admonition: "Hasten to Bengal and convert the mind of the King. Make him
understand why you have renounced the kingdom, O Prince! Let him take you
to the noble personage, yogi Avadhuti. There, put on rough cloth and
sustain your life on coarse food. Abandon your mat of embroidered silk and
sit on the fur of an antelope. Give up your horses and attendants and
learn to travel alone as a mendicant. Do not fear, do not fear, when you
are seeking liberation; particularly now that you are cutting off the
mighty adversary! Go now, our guru (Hevajra) thus orders
Then the Prince, having put on his
hermit’s costume, mounted his horse, surrounded by his thousand horsemen.
On the way back, he sang the following Vajrayana
"In the absolute non-being
(voidness) of Citta-vajra,
I have sought
the imperishable Vajrayana.
My thought springs up
to thy noble dignity. By the clarity and purity of the Deva-vajra, the
shadow of karma is reflected, but freed from ail imperfect
By the power of the Ratna-vajra
of the Kaya mandala,
I an gaze upon the
Anatta-vajra without fear.
By the perfect
wisdom of the Guheya-vajra, may I surely be victorious in the battle over
When the Prince had concluded
this song of Vajra, the four great court ministers, Mahamantri
Shura-vajra, Mahamantri Shatru Prabhanca, Mahamantri Jayatiraj and
Mahamantri Abhaya, sang sadly:
powerful is karma in this world! In that excellent land, Bengal, of which
all people speak with delight,
is the prosperity of its
Pleasant to see is the Golden
Banner. Magnificent are King Kalvana and Shri Prabhavati, the mother of
Yet renouncing his
councillors, ministers and subjects like
The noble Prince prefers to
dwell in the forest.
horses, chariots, elephants,
He will walk
barefoot like a commoner!
Putting off his
god-like ornaments and garments.
clothe himself in common garb!
his peacock-ornamented throne,
stretch an antelope's skin on the floor of a
Indifferent to the goddess-like
beauty of the women in his kingdom,
will wander in cemeteries, devouring the flesh of
We felt such happiness on seeing
you when you took birth.
with us so joyfully, how can you leave
Singing this sad song, the ministers
came (with the Prince) to the capital and, upon their arrival at the
palace, all the people heard what they were singing. Gazing at them they
saw them, looking like the Guardian Deities of the ten directions going
forth to war, so awe-inspiring, courageous and mightily armed. The sight
was greatly astonishing and full of beauty and allurement. The attendants
made such a great noise with their hurryburly that even the Prince himself
For three whole months the
ministers wore their warriors' array and kept their horses saddled. Some
raced on horseback, others played in dramas and sang. Some armed
themselves with new weapons as if going forth to war. Yogis and yoginis
pranced about and the Prince behaved like a madman in the centre of the
capital, causing all his subjects to recognize that he would not reign
over the kingdom. So the people stood weeping. As though wild beasts had
come howling to devour the people's flesh, his parents fell to bitter
lamentation, particularly the father, who
"At the time of your auspicious
We saw such marvelous prodigies
that I made sure you would reign over the
And accordingly my mind was
filled with delight.
Now what thoughts
are these that make you wish to leave for the
To this, the Prince replied:
"Pray listen to me, O religious King!
I reigned over the kingdom as you
Though I should naturally be
with you for a while in this life,
father and son, would never meet again in all the lives to
How shameful it would be, were I to
stay and bring you not benefit but
It is sure that, if by renouncing
this mighty kingdom I shall accomplish the path of
Then in all lives to come
gladly shall we meet again.
implore you to give me that
Then the mother cried:
"What is the use? Much though I grieve, his karma has greater
Well! Send this noble looking
youth to practise religion wherever he may
I pray that we shall soon be together
The Prince, when morning dawned,
went to the forest with the yogis and, encountering Avadhuti, practised
asceticism, and learned all the Dharma of madhyamarga without attachment.
From the age of twelve to eighteen he practised asceticism with Avadhuti
by listening, thinking and meditating on one mat. Thus did this Holy One
of great compassion perform hundreds of varied austerities. Renouncing his
unimaginably mighty kingdom like a drop of spittle, he attained complete
Since there exists no one to
rival your 2
accomplishment, I have found in you the most successful master of
religion. I, Dromtonpa, bowing my head, shall humbly pay you homage until
the end of samsara. I pray you, O Greatly Compassionate One, to forgive me
whatever exaggeration or perversion of truth there may be in this
Thus ends the summary, selected
from the ocean of my guru's deeds, setting forth the virtuous actions
whereby he accomplished liberation through the renunciation of his th the
virtuous actions whereby he accomplished liberation through the
renunciation of his kingdom.