"These five controlling faculties or forces have to be revolving in us. One needs to have a foundation of sla (morality) in order for them to be able to turn. Only with pure sla will these five faculties be able to revolve. Isn't that true?"

"It's true, Bhante."

When Sayadaw elaborates the meaning of the words 'controlling faculties' and 'forces', he has a habit of giving a very elaborate explanation. He often speaks for many days explaining the meaning of those controlling faculties or forces and their types. He is apt to include their characteristics, their function, and their. Since he brings together the theoretical and the experiential aspects, it is meaty and engaging. Anybody who can read the scriptures can talk about the theoretical aspect. There is no way one who doesn't have first-hand experience could talk about the experiential aspects, though. It is a uncommon ability to be able to give explanations including first-hand experience. It is not easy at all.

It was after Sayadaw had given that explanation to the author that the Shwe Taung Gon Ssana Yeiktha emblem came to be. That symbol has come to be on all six cars, on all the books, buttons, gates, key-chains, and mopeds. There are five facets around that wheel of that emblem and there is one in the middle. All together, six facets. The word written on the middle one is "Sla". The color of that middle portion is white. It means that sla (morality) must be pure. It means that only with pure sla are the five controlling faculties able to roll along.

Of the other five facets, on the one at the top is written the word "paa". That one is colored yellow. Deep yellow. Yellow stands for radiance. The meaning is that that wisdom is luminous. It is true. Don't they say, "Paasam bh natthi: there is no radiance like that of wisdom"? There are two aspects to the right of the aspect of pa?a and two to the left. On the right side, the upper one bears the word "Saddh". That one is colored light blue. It is a clear blue. With saddh (faith), the mind stays clear, he says. Of the two facets on the right, on the lower one is written the little word "Vriya". That facet is red. Red means courage. Vriya is the courage to face and surmount whatever difficulty may come. With vriya, the mind is courageous indeed.

On the left side, the lower facet bears the word "Sati". It is yogi-color: brown. The meaning of the brown worn by yogis [in Myanmar] is that with continual mindfulness, the mind keeps on repelling and rejecting the kilesas (defilements). Of the two left-hand facets, on the upper one is written the word "Samdhi". It's color is deep blue. Deep-blue refers to steadiness, serenity. With samdhi, the mind is peaceful and stable.

If you want paa to illuminate the mental processes, strive to keep your sila pure, he says. Only then may the mind be cleared by faith. Then, with vriya, the mind may become courageous. Next, with samdhi, the mind becomes serene. Only then will

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