Kshetra - Kshetrajna Vibhaga Yoga
(The Yoga of Discrimination between Matter and Spirit)
1. Arjuna asked: "My Lord, who is Purusha and what is Prakriti?
What is Kshetra 56
and what is Kshetrajna 57
? What is it that is called Wisdom
and what is that which truly ought to be known? These I desire to
learn from Thee."
2. The Blessed Lord said: "This body is called the Kshetra, O
Kaunteya, and the Wise refer to the Him who knows as the
3. "And know Me, O Bharata, as the Omnipresent Kshetrajna who
abides in all Kshetras; and the Knowledge of these two is deemed by
Me as true Knowledge.
4. "Briefly shall I now give thee a description of what is
matter, of what it is composed, whence it came, why it changes, what
the Self is and what Its powers are.
5. "Sages have sung of these in diverse ways through hymns and
sacred Vedic songs, weighty in thought and convincing in
6. "The five elements 58
, ego 59
, buddhi as also the Unmanifest 60
, the ten indriyas, the mind, and the five domains of
7. "Desire, hatred, pleasure, pain, the physical body, the living
force, determination - this in sum is what constitutes the Kshetra
and its modifications.
8. "Humility, sincerity, non-violence, forgiveness, rectitude,
service of the master, purity, steadfastness, self-control;
9. "Dispassion to sense objects, absence of pride, perception of
the painful problems of birth, death, old-age and sickness;
10. "Non-attachment, absence of infatuation with wife, progeny,
home and the like, equanimity whether good or ill befall;
11. "Unswerving and all-exclusive devotion to Me, love for
solitude and a distaste for social life;
12. "Settled conviction of the nature of the Atman,
and perception of the Self as the ultimate in Knowledge - all this
is declared to be true Knowledge; everything else is ignorance.
13. "I shall now expound to thee that which is to be known, and
knowing which one enjoys Immortality; it is the Supreme Brahman
Who has no beginning and Who is said to be neither Sat nor Asat
14. "With hands and feet everywhere, with eyes, heads, mouths and
ears everywhere, He exists enveloping all.
15. "Seeming to possess the function of the senses, yet devoid is
He of the senses; though unattached, He is the sustainer of all;
though attributeless 63
, yet He experiences all [the evolutes of the Gunas].
16. "Without all beings and yet within; immovable and yet moving;
so subtle He cannot be perceived; so far and yet so near He is.
17. Undivided [like space] this Brahman
is, and yet divided as it were He appears in all animate and
inanimate beings - that Godhead who is the Protector of all, is also
the Creator as well as the Destroyer.
18. "The Light of all lights, He is beyond all darkness. He is
Knowledge, the object of Knowledge, and to be gained only by
Knowledge; He is seated [as the Self] in the hearts
19. "Thus have I expounded to thee in brief the truth
about Kshetra and Kshetrajna. My devotee, when he knows and
understands this, is worthy of being one with Me.
20. "Know that Prakriti
and Purusha are both without beginning; and know thee also that all
evolutes and Gunas are born of Prakriti
21. "In creation and in evolution Prakriti
is said to be the cause, while for the experience of pleasure and
pain Purusha is the cause.
22. "Purusha seated in Prakriti
experiences the Gunas of Prakriti
. Attachment to the Gunas is the cause of man's birth in good or
23. "The Spirit dwelling in the body is really the same as the
Supreme Lord. He has been variously described as the Witness, the
Guide, The Sustainer, the Experiencer, the Great and also as the
24. "He who thoroughly understands the interrelationship of the
Purusha and Prakriti
as also the Gunas, is never born again, whatever be his mode of
25. "Some through meditation
behold the Atman
in their self by their own self; others experience It through the
Yoga of Knowledge and still others through the Yoga of Action.
26. "Yet others, not knowing Him thus, worship Him as they have
heard from others. They too, staunch in their devotion, and true to
what they have heard, go beyond death.
27. "Whenever something animate or inanimate comes into
existence, O Bharatarishabha, know thou that it is the result of the
union of matter 64
and the Spirit 65
28. "He truly sees, who perceives the same Imperishable Supreme
in all diverse perishable beings.
29. "Indeed, beholding the Supreme Lord in all beings, he does
not harm the Self by the self and therefore attains the Supreme
30. "He sees most clearly that all actions are performed by Prakriti
alone, and that the Atman
31. "When thus he perceives that diversity is actually rooted in
One, and further has emerged from that One alone, he becomes that
very One 67
32. "The Imperishable Supreme Atman,
O Kaunteya, has neither a beginning nor attributes. Thus, though
residing in the body, It acts not nor is It ever stained.
33. "As the all-pervading ether, by reason of its subtlety is not
contaminated, even so the Atman
pervading every part of the body is not tainted.
34. "As the one Sun illumines the whole world, so does the Lord
of the Kshetra illumine the whole Kshetra.
35. "Those who with the eyes of Wisdom
thus perceive the distinction between Kshetra and Kshetrajna, and
also comprehend the secret of the release of beings from the grip of
reach the Supreme.
Thus in the Bhagavad Gita, the Essence of the Upanishads,
the Science of Brahman,
the Scripture of Yoga, the Dialogue between Sri Krishna and Arjuna,
ends the thirteenth chapter, entitled:
KSHETRA-KSHETRAJNA VIBHAGA YOGA
57The Knower of the Field.
58The Pancha Bhutas: earth, fire, air, water
60i.e., primordial matter.
61i.e., sound, touch, sight, taste and
62Neither Sat nor Asat -
neither Being nor Non-Being.
63Devoid of Gunas - Nirguna.