(The Yoga of the Supreme Person)
1. The Blessed Lord said: "Creation, with its Eternal as well as
ephemeral aspects, can be likened to the Ashwattha tree which has
its roots above 70
and branches below; the Vedas are its leaves. He who fully
comprehends the nature of this tree truly understands.
2. "Above and below spread its branches; the sense objects are
its buds and nourished it is by the Gunas; and its roots which bind
the soul according to Karma, stretch forth into the world.
3. "Its true form is not comprehended here 71
, nor its end, nor its origin, nor even its existence. With
determination one must cut down this strongly rooted tree with the
sharp axe of non-attachment.
4. "Thereafter, one must seek that Supreme State from which there
is no return and there surrender to that Primeval Being from Whom
this Creation has emanated.
5. "To that imperishable haven go the enlightened ones who are
free from both pride and delusion, who have transcended the desire
for objects of the senses, who are ever dwelling in the Self, and
are also beyond the clutches of the pairs of opposites such as
pleasure and pain.
6. "Neither the Sun, nor the Moon, nor fire can illumine that
Supreme Self-effulgent State upon reaching which there is no return.
That is My Supreme Abode.
7. "The Eternal Jivatma in the human body is but a small part of
My own Being; and It is that alone which draws round Itself the mind
and the senses, both of which are rooted in Prakriti.
8. "Even as the wind carries the scents from flower beds, so too
the Jivatma who is the Master of the body, carries with Him the
senses and the mind whenever He discards one body and acquires
9. "It is while dwelling in the senses of sound, sight, touch,
taste, and smell, and in the mind that the Jivatma experiences
10. "The deluded perceive Him neither when He experiences sense
objects in association with the Gunas, nor when He departs from a
body; but they see, who are endowed with the eyes of Knowledge.
11. "Yogis who strive, see Him seated in themselves but not so
the ignorant, whose heart
is impure, even though they may try hard.
12. "The light of the Sun that illumines the whole world, as also
that of the Moon and even fire - know thou that all this light is
13. "Pervading this world, I animate all beings with My energy;
and becoming the sap, I nourish all plants.
14. "It is I again as Vaiswanara 72
fire, who entering the body of living beings digests, in
association with breath, the four kinds of food 73
15. "I reside in the hearts
of all; from Me proceed the faculties of memory, wisdom and
discrimination; it is I who am to be known in all the Vedas; it is I
who am the Author of Vedanta and the Knower of the Vedas as
16. "There are two Purushas in the world, associated respectively
with the perishable 74
and the Imperishable 75
. All the perishable aspects belong to the former, and the
eternal aspects to the latter.
17. "But distinct from these two and above them both is the
Supreme Purusha 76
called the Universal Self 77
, who as the Indestructible Lord 78
pervades the three worlds and sustains them.
18. "Because I transcend the perishable and even the Imperishable
as well, I am known in the world and also in the Vedas as
Purushottama, the Supreme Person.
19. "O Bharata, he who, undeluded, knows Me as Purushottama,
knows all, and he worships Me with all his heart.
20. "Thus, O sinless one, have I revealed to thee this most
profound Knowledge. He who grasps it becomes enlightened and his
mission in life is accomplished."
Thus in the Bhagavad Gita, the Essence of the Upanishads,
the Science of Brahman,
the Scripture of Yoga, the Dialogue between Sri Krishna and Arjuna,
ends the fifteenth chapter, entitled:
71In the state of being involved in the
worldly life. This phenomenon (the tree of Samsara) vanishes to one
upon attainment of Brahma Jnana. But it continues to exist for all
others, in ignorance.
in the stomach.
73i.e., that which
is masticated, sucked, licked and drunk.