Viswaroopa Darshana Yoga
(The Yoga of Cosmic Vision)
1. Arjuna said: "Out of compassion for me Thou hast disclosed the
mystery concerning the Knowledge of the Supreme; and with it, my
delusion has been dispelled.
2. "From Thee, O Lotus-eyed One, have I heard in full about the
origin and the dissolution of beings and also about Thy Immortal
3. "Lord! Thou art precisely what Thou hast declared Thyself to
be. Even so, O Purushottama, I crave to behold Thy Cosmic Form as
the Supreme Ishwara.
4. "O Lord! O Yogeswara 55
! If Thou thinkest it possible for me to behold the sight,
then do reveal to me Thy Eternal Form."
5. The Blessed Lord said: "Behold, O Partha, My Divine Forms in
their hundreds and thousands, infinitely diverse and equally various
in their colors and aspects.
6. "Behold in Me the Adityas, the Vasus, the Rudras, the Aswin
twins, and the Maruts; behold, O Bharata, numerous marvels never
7. "Behold today in My body, O Gudakesa, the entire Universe with
all its moving and non-moving beings, and whatever else thou
desirest to see.
8. "But thou canst not see My Cosmic Form with thine ordinary
eyes; therefore, I bless thee with Divine vision, using which behold
My Supreme Power.
9. Sanjaya said: "Having thus spoken, O King, the Great Lord of
Yoga, Sri Hari, revealed to Partha His supremely glorious Cosmic
Form as Ishwara,
10. With many mouths and many eyes, many wondrous aspects, many
divine ornaments, and many brandished weapons divine;
11. Wearing heavenly
garlands and raiments, anointed with celestial perfumes, wonderful,
resplendent, boundless and Omnipresent.
12. Were the splendor of a thousand suns to blaze forth all at
once in the sky, that might perchance resemble the splendor of that
13. Then did Arjuna see, concentrated in one place in the person
of that Supreme God, the entire Universe with its manifold
14. Wonderstruck, his hair standing on end, Dhananjaya, head bent
low in reverence and adoration, and palms joined, addressed the
15. He said: "Within Thy Form, O Lord, I see all the gods,
diverse multitude of beings and also Brahma the Creator seated on a
lotus, surrounded by the Rishis and serpents divine.
16. "I see Thee everywhere, infinite in form, with countless
arms, stomachs, mouths and eyes. Neither Thy end nor middle, nor
beginning do I see, O Lord of the Universe, O Universal Form!
17. "I behold Thee, a brilliant mass of indescribable effulgence,
adorned with Thy club, mace, discus and scepter; blazing everywhere
like burning fire and the incandescent sun, hard to look at, and
passing all measure!
18. "Thou art the Imperishable, the Supreme Being that is to be
realized; Thou art the ultimate refuge of this Universe; Thou art
also the Eternal Guardian of the Eternal Dharma
and Thou art, I believe, the Everlasting Being.
19. "Thou hast no beginning, middle nor end; infinite is Thy
might and innumerable are Thy arms, O One having the Sun and Moon
for Thine eyes! Thy mouth is a blazing fire that scorches the entire
Universe with its radiance.
20. "By Thee alone are filled the spaces between heaven
and earth and all quarters; and, O Almighty Lord, the three worlds
tremble at the sight of Thy wondrous but awe-inspiring form.
21. "Yonder, hosts of gods are entering Thee; some, awe-struck,
praise Thee with folded palms, while multitudes of sages and Siddhas
hailing Thee are singing hymns to Thine glory.
22. "The Rudras, Adityas, Vasus, Sadhyas, all the gods, the twin
Aswins, Maruts, Manes, the host of Gandharvas, Yakshas, Asuras, and
Siddhas - all gaze on Thee in wonderment!
23. "O Mahabahu, seeing this stupendous and awesome form of Thine
with countless mouths, eyes, thighs, feet, bellies and teeth, the
worlds are terror stricken; and so am I!
24. "As I behold Thy Cosmic Form reaching to the very heavens,
effulgent, glowing with colors, gaping mouths and resplendent eyes,
I am terrified, my Lord, and my peace of mind deserts me.
25. "And as I see Thy numerous mouths with fearful jaws
resembling the fire of Doom, I am utterly bewildered and petrified.
Be merciful, O Lord, in Whom this Universe abides.
26. "All the sons of Dhritarashtra and with them many kings,
Bhishma, Drona and Kama too, as also our warrior chiefs -
27. "I see them all rushing headlong into Thy fearful jaws. Some
indeed are mangled between Thy teeth, their heads being crushed to
28. "As rivers in torrential flood rush towards the sea, so are
these heroes among men rushing into Thy flaming jaws.
29. "As moths fly into the flame only to be killed, even so these
people are plunging headlong into Thy mouths to meet their doom.
30. "Thou seemest to swallow up the worlds with Thy flaming
mouths, and Thou appearest to be smacking Thy lips. Thy fierce rays
blaze forth, filling the whole Universe with Thy luster.
31. "Tell me, O Lord, who art Thou so dread of form? I bow to
Thee, O God
Supreme! Have mercy and tell me about Thyself, O Primal One, for I
comprehend not Thy purpose nor what Thou dost."
32. The Blessed Lord said: "I am TIME, inflamed now and engaged
in destroying the worlds. Even without thy slaying them, not one of
the warriors ranged for battle against thee shall survive.
33. "Therefore, do thou arise, fight, and win glory. Defeat thy
foes, conquer, and earn unrivalled kingdom. By Me, these warriors
have already been slain; thou art no more than an instrument of
Mine, O Savyasachin!
34. "Slay thou Drona, Bhishma, Jayadratha, Kama and other warrior
chiefs, all already doomed and slain by Me. Be not dismayed! Fight!
Victory is thine over these foes on the battlefield."
35. Sanjaya said: Hearing these words of Kesava, Arjuna, palms
united, head bowed, body trembling, said with a choking and
faltering voice that was filled with fear:
36. "It is right, O Hrishikesa, that the Universe exults and
rejoices in chanting Thy name, virtues and glory. While the
Rakshasas in dread fly in all directions, the Siddhas in reverence
bow to Thee.
37. "And why should they not, O Paramatma, bow to Thee the
Primeval Cause of even Brahma the Creator? O Infinite Being, O Lord
of gods, O Abode of the Universe! Thou art the Imperishable, Being
(Sat) and non-Being (Asat) and that which transcends all these!
38. "Thou art the Primal God
and the Ancient Being; Thou art the One into Whom the entire
Universe finally dissolves; Thou art, at once, the Knower and also
That which is to be known; by Thee, O Lord of Infinite Form, is the
whole Universe pervaded.
39. "Thou art the wind, death, fire, water, moon, the progenitor
of beings, and the ultimate Grandfather. Hail to Thee, a thousand
times Hail, and repeatedly so.
40. "Salutations to Thee, O Lord, from every conceivable side and
every imaginable angle. Thy prowess is infinite and Thy might is
measureless. Thou pervadest all and therefore Thou ART all!
41. "Whatever I have importunately said to Thee in the past in
presumption based on familiarity and intimacy, taking Thee for a
mere mortal, addressing Thee on equal terms as O Krishna, O Yadava,
etc., - believe me, it was all in ignorance of Thy true nature."
42. "In whatsoever way I might have been insulting to Thee, O
Achyuta, in jest, while reposing, at meals, in privacy or in company
- please forgive my trespasses, O Immeasurable One!
43. "Thou art the Father of the world, of the moving as well as
the non-moving beings; Thou art its adored and worthiest Master;
there is none equal to Thee; how then can anyone be greater than
Thee? Matchless is Thy power in all the three worlds!
44. "Therefore, prostrating before Thee, O Lord, I beseech Thy
Grace. Please bear with me even as a father does with his son, a
friend with another friend, and a husband with his beloved
45. "I rejoice having seen what has never been seen before and
yet, O Lord, I am overwhelmed with fear. O God
of gods, have mercy and show me Thy original form.
46. "I crave to see Thee even as Thou wast, with Thy crown, and
with Thy discus and the mace in Thy hands. Revert Thou please to
Thine benign Divine Form, O Universal Being!"
47. The Blessed Lord said: "Graciously, O Arjuna, have I through
My unique power, shown thee this Supreme, Resplendent, Universal,
Infinite and Primal Form of Mine which none but thee has ever
48. "Not by the study of the Vedas or the other scriptures, not
by sacrifice, not by charities, nor even the performance of severe
penance and other austerities, can I ever be seen as thou hast been
privileged to do.
49. "Be thou neither afraid nor bewildered to behold this awesome
form of Mine. Banish thy fear, ease thy mind and behold Me once
again in My usual form."
50. Sanjaya said: Having spoken thus to Arjuna, Vaasudeva
reverted to His normal benign form, gently consoling him who was
trembling with fear.
51. Arjuna said: "Janardana, beholding again Thy gentle human
form, I have regained my composure and am myself again."
52. The Blessed Lord said: "Very difficult indeed it is to behold
My Cosmic Form which thou hast seen and which the gods are always
clamoring to see.
53. "Not by Vedas, not by penance, nor through charity, nor by
sacrificial ritual, can anyone behold Me in the Form that thou hast
been privileged to see.
54. "But, O Parantapa, by staunch and unswerving devotion, I may
in this Form be known, realized and merged into.
55. "Arjuna, he whose every act is dedicated to Me, who looks
upon Me as the Supreme, who is devoted to Me, who has no attachment
and who is free from malice to all beings - such a one comes to
Thus in the Bhagavad Gita, the Essence of the Upanishads,
the Science of Brahman,
the Scripture of Yoga, the Dialogue between Sri Krishna and Arjuna,
ends the eleventh chapter, entitled:
VISWAROOPA DARSHANA YOGA
55The Great Lord of Yoga.
46One possessed of unique
47Whirlwind among the forty
nine wind gods.
50Or Namasmarana -
repetition of the holy names of God.
51Sacred peepul tree.
52The snake used as a rope for churning the
Ocean of Milk.
thousand-hooded snake on which Narayana rests.
54Gambling of cheats-Every manifestation of
power, glory, or intelligence comes from the Lord. It may be
distorted if the medium of manifestation is wicked or