There is One Law, the law of
reciprocity, which can be observed by a selfless conscience, together
with a sense of awakened justice.
Man spends his life in the
pursuit of all that seems to him to be profitable for himself, and when
so absorbed in self-interest in time he even loses touch with his own
real interest. Man has made laws to suit himself,, but they are laws by
which he can get the better of another. It is this that he calls
justice, and it is only that which is done to him by another that he
calls injustice. A peaceful and harmonious life with his fellow-men
cannot be led until the sense of justice has been awakened in him by a
selfless conscience. As the judicial authorities of the world intervene
between two persons who are at variance, knowing that they have a right
to intervene when the two parties in dispute are blinded by personal
interest, so the Almighty Power intervenes in all disputes however
small or great.
It is the law of reciprocity
which saves man from being exposed to the higher powers, as a
considerate man has less chance of being brought before the court. The
sense of justice is awakened in a perfectly sober mind; that is, one
which is free from the intoxication of youth, strength, power,
possession, command, birth, or rank. It seems a net profit when one
does not give but takes, or when one gives less and takes more; but in
either case there is really a greater loss than profit; for every such
profit spreads a cover over the sense of justice within, and when many
such covers have veiled the sight, man becomes blind even to his own
profit. It is like standing in one's own light. 'Blind here remains
blind in the hereafter.'
Although the different
religions, in teaching man how to act harmoniously and peacefully with
his fellow-men, have given out different laws, they all meet in this
one truth: do unto others as thou wouldst they should do unto thee. The
Sufi, in taking a favor from another, enhances its value, and in
accepting what another does to him he makes allowance.
There is One Brotherhood, the
human brotherhood which unites the children of earth indiscriminately
in the Brotherhood of God.
The Sufi understands that the
one life emanating from the inner Being is manifested on the surface as
the life of variety; and in this world of variety man is the finest
manifestation, for he can realize in his evolution the oneness of the
inner being even in the external existence of variety. But he evolves
to this ideal, which is the only purpose of his coming on earth, by
uniting himself with another.
Man unites with others in the
family tie, which is the first step in his evolution, and yet families
in the past have fought with each other, and have taken vengeance upon
one another for generations, each considering his cause to be the only
true and righteous one. Today man shows his evolution in uniting with
his neighbors and fellow-citizens, and even developing within himself
the spirit of patriotism for his nation. He is greater in this respect
than those in the past; and yet men so united nationally have caused
the catastrophe of the modern wars, which will be regarded by the
coming generations in the same light in which we now regard the family
feuds of the past.
There are racial bonds which
widen the circle of unity still more, but it has always happened that
one race has looked down on the other.
The religious bond shows a
still higher ideal. But it has caused diverse sects, which have opposed
and despised each other for thousands of years, and have caused endless
splits and divisions among men. The germ of separation exists even in
such a wide scope for brotherhood, and however widespread the
brotherhood may be, it cannot be a perfect one as long as it separates
man from man.
The Sufi, realizing this, frees
himself from national, racial, and religious boundaries, uniting
himself in the human brotherhood, which is devoid of the differences
and distinctions of class, caste, creed, race, nation, or religion, and
unites mankind in the universal brotherhood.
There is One Moral, the love which springs forth from self-denial and blooms in deeds of beneficence.
There are moral principles
taught to mankind by various teachers, by many traditions, one
differing from the other, which are like separate drops coming out of
the fountain. But when we look at the stream, we find there is but one
stream, although it turns into several drops on falling. There are many
moral principles, just as many drops fall from one fountain; but there
is one stream that is at the source of all, and that is love. It is
love that gives birth to hope, patience, endurance, forgiveness,
tolerance, and to all moral principles. All deeds of kindness and
beneficence take root in the soil of the loving heart. Generosity,
charity, adaptability, an accommodating nature, even renunciation, are
the offspring of love alone. The great, rare and chosen beings, who for
ages have been looked up to as ideal in the world, are the possessors
of hearts kindled with love. All evil and sin come from the lack of
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